The Most Addictive Drugs
The Top 10 Most Addictive Drugs
Is it any surprise there are so many opiates on this list?
There are almost 230 million people in the world who are dependent on some kind of illicit substance. The use of recreational drugs is most common among the younger generation, although drug users can be found in almost each age group, irrespective of gender, race or religion.
The indulgence of youth in the drug trade and their addiction is one of the most serious public health concerns that countries face today. The drugs make the youth cripple and unworthy of any social movements. Several countries have already estimated the danger that is upon them. Despite these countries’ efforts to eradicate the drug trade completely, illegal traders manage to find some loopholes in the system to continue the supply of drugs. The addiction of the drug addicts and their continuously lethal craving towards various kinds of drugs has helped the drug traders to continue and even grow their business in a considerable way.
Apart from the illegal drugs, some legal drugs or medicines are also used extensively as narcotic elements. The addiction towards those drugs gradually converts to desperation and out of desperation; the addicts take ferocious steps and commit horrible crimes. The complicacy the society is facing because of the drugs has gone beyond any control. In 2014, a panel of some Dutch scientists have done a study and revealed a list of 10 most addictive drugs in the world. They have also labeled those drugs in a scale of 0 to 3, depending upon their potential to cause severe addiction. The list of those drugs is as follows:
10. GHB (Dependence Rating: 1.71)
GHB is the short form of the chemical substance GABA. The span of the effect of those drugs is limited to a mere two to four hours. But the withdrawal rate is very lengthy, sometimes lasting for more than ten to fourteen days. The drugs include the most infamous date rape drugs and club drugs. The quitting procedure of these drugs results in severe insomnia, delirium and hallucinations among other symptoms.
9. Benzodiazepines (Dependence Rating: 1.89)
This type of drugs includes the more common medicinal drugs such as Klonopin, Valium and Xanax among others. It is also a substance of GABA and is more extensively used to calm down the nerves. This type of drugs gets adapted by the body very quickly and builds a tolerance level for itself. As the tolerance level grows, quitting becomes even harder.
8. Amphetamines (Dependence Rating: 1.95)
Amphetamines are one of the most addictive drugs which make quitting almost impossible. Although they are not as addictive as meth, but have a long lasting effect on the users. They create euphoria, extra energy, weight loss a sort of feeling of self accomplishment in heavy rates.
7. Cocaine (Dependence Rating: 2.13)
Cocaine gets mixed with the dopamine in the brain and causes extreme cravings. The withdrawal of cocaine is not that much extensive. Cocaine can be consumed in a number of ways, injecting, smoking or inhaling.
6. Alcohol (Dependence Rating: 2.13)
Alcohol is undoubtedly the most common, widely used drug. It has been used by mankind for centuries. Most addicts around the globe are addicted to alcohol. The withdrawal rate of alcohol is the worst and once addicted it becomes almost impossible to get rid of it.
5. Methamphetamine (Dependence Rating: 2.24)
Methamphetamine or meth directly deals with the dopamine and norepinephrine of the brain. It releases almost ten times more than the average release of dopamine by the human brain. It messes up the basic chemical balance of the brain and causes extensive tolerance and cravings.
4. Methadone (Dependence Rating: 2.68)
Methadone is generally used to treat morphine or heroin addiction. The risk of addiction is very low while taken under medical supervision. Its effects are similar to the effects that heroin causes and the withdrawal often lasts longer than a month.
3. Nicotine (Dependence Rating: 2.82)
The addictive potential of nicotine is very high. Although nicotine is being used from the very onset of civilization, the addictive prowess of it was never neglected. More than half of the total population of the world is addicted to nicotine.
2. Crack Cocaine (Dependence Rating: 2.82)
This is the purest form of cocaine. It too increases the amount of dopamine released by the brain and creates extensive self indulgence. It can cause addiction from the very first usage.
1. Heroin (Dependence Rating: 2.89)
King of all those addictive substance, Heroin sits top of the tree. The withdrawal of heroin is almost impossible. It causes intense cravings and extreme euphoria.